It is 1978.  Mao has been dead for two years, and you have passed the examination to become a member of an elite university class in Historical Documentation.  Your first assignment is to collect two oral histories that provide different angles on the topic: “What is your understanding of the Chinese revolution and how has it changed your life?  Which national events and campaigns from 1949 to 1976 affected you the most?  What are the main achievements and problems of the Mao years?”You pick TWO of the following three people to interview (your choice):Li (b. 1925), a Beijing writer. Labeled a Rightist in late 1957 for publishing critical stories and essays. Sent to labor with the peasants from 1958-1961. He spent much of the 1960s and 1970s under a political cloud.  His Rightist “hat” has just been removed in 1978 and his position in the Writer’s Union restored.Zhang (b. 1934), a villager from Shaanxi. Activist.  Broke off her arranged engagement at 17.  Later married a fellow Peasant Association member.  Became a champion cotton grower and labor model in the late 1950s.  Five children.Chen (b. 1952), a former Shanghai middle school Red Guard. Spent nine years (1968-1977) in Anhui, in an area where the Great Leap Forward had caused a famine in 1959.  Now at university, where some classmates have spent years in the countryside, while others were Shanghai factory workers before testing into university.Note: this is not an interview about Mao.  Each of the interviewees thinks of Mao as an integral part of the background and environment.  The questions is how Maoist initiatives affected or did not affect the interviewees, and how the interviewees reacted to and even changed the course of those initiatives.  In thinking about their experiences, consider how locality, class background, age, gender, profession, family background and personal experience might have shaped each of them.Your Historical Documentation report may take the form of a transcript of the two interviews with an analytical introduction by you, or you may write it in the form of a report in your own voice.You should use as many of the names and terms on the list below as you can in your essayas appropriate.Random use of names and terms is not encouraged.It should be 3-4 pages double-spaced, 12-pt. font. Choose your words carefullyNames and terms to use in your essay as appropriate:Mao ZedongChinese Communist PartyKorean WarLand Reformclass labels: landlord, sublandlord,rich peasant, middle peasant,poor peasant, hired laborerMarriage Law, May 1950collectivization:  mutual aid teams,lower producers’ cooperatives,advanced producer’s cooperativesdanwei (work unit)First Five-year Planwork pointshukou (household registration system)Hundred Flowers campaignStalin and Khrushchevstrike wave of 1957Anti-Rightist campaignGreat Leap Forward (1958-59)communal dining hallsexaggeration windPeng DehuaiSino-Soviet split (1960)Three Hard Years (1959-61)Lei Feng (1940-1962)“people in positions of authority within the Party who take the capitalist road”Cultural RevolutionMao Zedong Thought/ Little Red BookLiu ShaoqiDeng Xiaopingrevisionism“Bombard the Headquarters”Lin BiaoJiang QingRed Guardschuanlian (exchanging revolutionary experiences)Five Red Categories:poor and lower-middle class       peasants; workers; rev soldiers; revcadres; dependents of rev martyrsSeven Black Categories:landlords; rich peasants;reactionaries; bad elements; rightists;traitors; spies; “capitalist roaders inpositions of authority”; and the“stinking ninth category,”intellectualsAnyuanthree great differences:mental/manual labor, city/          countryside, workers/farmersJanuary StormShanghai CommuneRevolutionary Committee (army, party,mass organizations)Dazhaicommunes, brigades, teamssent-down youth (“up to the mountains anddown to the villages”)barefoot doctorsRichard Nixonping-pong diplomacyShanghai CommuniquéZhou EnlaiGang of Four:Jiang Qing, Zhang Chunqiao,Yao Wenyuan, Wang Hongwen

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